What is SEO and how to do it?

SEO is the process of ranking your website or page at Google's top search engine result pages

author image
By Arrow07


Last updated on Jul 11, 2023, at 06:23 pm IST

Posted on Jul 11, 2023, at 06:23 pm IST

SEO stands for search engine optimization

SEO is ranking your website or page at Google's top search engine result pages. (Such as Google, and Bing). The goal of SEO is to attract organic (non-paid) traffic from search engines by aligning the website's content, structure, and other factors with search engine algorithms.

SEO involves various techniques and strategies, including keyword research, on-page optimization, technical optimization, link building, and user experience improvement. By implementing SEO best practices, businesses and website owners aim to increase their online visibility, drive relevant traffic, and ultimately improve their chances of reaching their target audience and achieving their goals.

In practice, SEO typically involves:

  • Keyword research
  • Quality Content Creation 
  • On-page Optimization
  • Technical Optimization
  • User experience optimization
  • Link building
  • Local SEO
  • Social media integration
  • Monitoring and analysis

It's important to note that SEO practices evolve as search engine algorithms and user behaviours change. Staying updated with the latest SEO trends and best practices is crucial for achieving long-term success in search engine rankings.

SEO (Search Engine Optimization) and PPC (Pay-Per-Click) are two different approaches to gaining visibility on search engine results pages (SERPs)

SEO focuses on optimizing your website and content to improve organic search rankings. It involves various strategies such as keyword research, on-page optimization, technical optimization, and link building. SEO requires time, effort, and resources to implement effectively. However, once you achieve high rankings for your target keywords, you can attract organic traffic consistently without ongoing costs. It offers long-term benefits and the potential for passive traffic.

 PPC on the other hand, involves paid advertising on search engines. It allows you to display your ads prominently on SERPs, but you pay each time someone clicks on your ad. PPC campaigns require budget allocation, keyword bidding, and ad creation. While PPC provides immediate visibility and can drive targeted traffic to your website, it requires ongoing investment. Once you stop paying for PPC ads, your visibility disappears.

Overall, SEO focuses on earning organic rankings over time, which can generate sustainable traffic without ongoing costs. PPC provides immediate visibility but requires continuous investment to maintain that visibility. Both approaches have their merits and can be combined to maximize your online visibility and reach.

Here's a simplified explanation of how search engines, like Google, work:

  • Content Publication: You publish content on your website, such as articles, blog posts, or product pages.
  • Crawling: Search engine bots, also known as "spiders" or "crawlers," visit your website to discover and analyze its content. They follow links from page to page, gathering information about each page they encounter.
  • Indexing: After crawling your website, search engines index your pages. This means they create a database of all the information they have gathered from your site. Indexing helps search engines understand the content and structure of your website.
  • Ranking Criteria: Search engines have algorithms that evaluate and rank web pages based on various factors. These factors include relevance, quality of content, user experience, backlinks, and more. The algorithms analyze the indexed pages to determine their rankings for specific search queries.
  • Search Engine Results Pages (SERPs): When a user enters a search query, the search engine retrieves the most relevant pages from its index based on the ranking criteria. These pages are displayed on the search engine results pages (SERPs) in a specific order, with the most relevant and authoritative pages typically appearing at the top.
  • Displaying Results: If your page meets the ranking criteria and is deemed relevant to a user's search query, it has the potential to appear in the search results. The more optimized and authoritative your page is, the higher its chances of ranking well in search engine results.

It's important to note that search engines use complex algorithms that consider numerous factors when determining rankings. SEO practices aim to optimize websites and content to improve their visibility and rankings in search engine results.

Search intent refers to the purpose or motivation behind a user's search query. Here are the four types of search intent commonly recognized:

  1. Navigational: This search intent is focused on finding a specific website or online destination. Users enter queries with the intention of navigating to a particular website or web page. For example, someone searching for "Spotify login" is looking to access their Spotify account directly.
  2. Informational: Informational search intent revolves around seeking answers, knowledge, or specific information. Users may have questions, want to learn about a topic or gather information on a particular subject. For instance, a search query like "What is Spotify" indicates an informational intent to understand the concept or purpose of Spotify.
  3. Commercial: Commercial search intent involves researching or comparing products, services, or brands before making a purchase decision. Users with commercial plans are often looking for reviews, comparisons, or recommendations to help them choose the best option. An example of a commercial intent query is "Spotify review," indicating a user's interest in evaluating Spotify's features, benefits, and user experiences.
  4. Transactional: Transactional search intent indicates a user's readiness or intention to perform a specific transaction or take a specific action. Users with transactional intent are often looking to buy, sign up for a service, or perform a specific online transaction. An example would be a search query like "Spotify premium," where the user intends to subscribe to Spotify's premium service.

Understanding the different types of search intent helps businesses tailor their content and optimization strategies to meet user expectations and provide the most relevant information or solutions.


SEO (Search Engine Optimization) plays a crucial role in improving a website's visibility, organic traffic, and search engine rankings. By implementing effective SEO practices, such as keyword optimization, content creation, technical optimization, and link building, businesses can enhance their online presence and attract targeted audiences.

SEO is a long-term strategy that requires consistent effort and monitoring. It involves optimizing various aspects of a website to align with search engine algorithms and user intent. While SEO may take time to show significant results, it offers sustainable benefits, such as increased organic traffic, improved credibility, and long-lasting visibility.

Share on

Subscribe to see what we're thinking

Subscribe to get access to premium content or contact us if you have any questions.

Subscribe Now